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The Guru's Role :- The Upanishads have profoundly underlined the role of the guru. Mundak Upanishad says to realize the supreme godhead holding samidha grass in his hands one should surrender himself before the guru who knows the secrets of Vedas. Kathopanishad too speaks of the guru as the preceptor who alone can guide the disciple on the spiritual path.

Over time the guru's syllabus gradually enlarged incorporating more secular and temporal subjects related to human endeavor and intellect. Apart from usual spiritual works his sphere of instruction now included subjects like Dhanurvidya (archery), Arthashastra (economics) and even Natyashastra (dramatics) and Kamashastra (sexology).

Such was the ingenuity of the all pervading intellect of the ancient Acharyas that they perpetuated even shastra like thievery. Shudraka's celebrated play Mricchakatikam tells the story of Acharya Kanakashakti who formulated the Chaurya Shastra, or the science of thievery, which was further developed by the gurus like Brahmanyadeva, Devavrata and Bhaskarnandin.

Legends of Gurus & Desciples :- There were gurus as well as disciples of different hues to whom references were made in scriptures and literary works. The most popular legend is that of the amazing young tribal boy Ekalavya on being rejected by the ace trainer Dronacharya, raised his statue and with great dedication practised the art of archery and left behind Arjuna, the master archer, who actually learnt the art under the living guru. And the heartless guru asked for his thumb as gurudakshina or fees, and made him inferior before his royal disciple. In the Chandogya Upanishad, we meet an aspiring disciple Satyakama, who refuses to tell lies about his caste in order to get an admission in the gurukula of Acharya Haridrumat Gautam. And in the Mahabharata we come across Karna who did not bat an eyelid while telling Parashurama that he belonged to the Bhrigu Brahmin caste just to obtain the Brahmastra, the supreme weapon.



List of All Hindu Gurus
» A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada » Adi Shankara
» Akhandanand » Amrit Desai
» Anandmurti Gurumaa » Ayya Vaikundar
» Baba Lokenath Brahmachari » Bhagawan Nityananda
»Bhakti Tirtha Swami » Bhakti Caru Swami
» Brahmananda Saraswati » Brahma Shree Narayana Guru
» Chaitanya Mahaprabhu » Chandrashekarendra Saraswati
» Chidvilasananda » Devamrita Swami
» Gour Govinda Swami » Gopal Krishna Goswami
» Haridas Thakur » Hridayananda dasa Goswami
» Jayadvaita Swami » Jayapataka Swami
» Lahiri Mahasaya » Lokanath Swami Maharaj
» Madhvacharya » Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
»Mahavatar Babaji » Mata Amritanandamayi
» Mother Meera » Muktananda
» Narayan Maharaj » Neeb Karori Baba
» Nimbarka » Nisargadatta Maharaj
» Paramahansa Yogananda » Pramukh Swami Maharaj
» Radhanath Swami » Raghavendra Swami
» Ram Dass » Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
» Ramana Maharshi » Ramanuja
» Rudi (Swami Rudrananda) » Sahjanand Swami
»Sai Baba of Shirdi » Sant Dnyaneshwar
» Sant Keshavadas » Sant Sri Asaramji Bapu
» Satguru Bodhinatha Veylanswami » Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami
» Satsvarupa dasa Goswami » Satya Sai Baba
» Shankaracharya » Shree Maa
» Shri Gurudev Mahendranath » Shri Madhavnath Maharaj
» Shriram Sharma Acharya » Shree Narayana Guru
» Sri Anandamoyi Maa » Sri Aurobindo
» Sri Chinmoy » Sri Sarada Devi
»Sri Yukteswar Giri » Swami Chinmayananda
» Swami Dayananda Saraswati » Swami Janakananda
» Swami Lakshamanananda » Swami Niranjanananda
» Swami Rama Tirtha » Swami Rama
» Swami Satyananda » Swami Shyam
» Swami Sivananda » Swami Vivekananda
» Tamala Krishna Goswami » Tibbetibaba
» Vallabhacarya » Yogaswami
»Yogiraj Sri Swami Satchidananda » Upasni Maharaj


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